Kitten Care Guide

Learn how you can give your kitten #TheBestStart right here

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  •     HOME
  •     True respect of the cat
  •     India’s most famous breed
  •     feline nutrition
  •     Grooming your cat
  •     active cats, happy cats
  •     Faq's

1. True Respect of the Cat

We deeply care about cats. It is why we observe them almost obsessively. It is our greatest desire to learn and understand as much as we possibly can about cats, their attitude to stimuli and their behaviour in various environments. We examine the differences in their life stages and lifestyles, while matching every aspect to details of their size and breed. We consider their physical well-being; from the silkiness of their fur coats to the gleam of liveliness in their eyes. We think about their emotional requirements; how to keep them calm and emotionally secure. We observe how the right diet can transform a cat with the power of tailor-made nutrition. It’s this philosophy that has driven us to create specific formulas for cats - each a unique solution for a unique need. Each capable of transforming a cat’s health and making it into the magnificent animal it was naturally meant to be. We’ve dedicated our lives to the truth that every animal has the potential to be incredible. ROYAL CANIN®. Incredible in Every Detail.

2. India’s Most Famous Breed

First imported from Iran to Italy in the 17th century, Persian cats were highly prized by the European aristocracy.

In the first half of the 19th century, some “Persians” bred in Italy and brought to France and England were crossed with “Persians” of Turkish origin. Through a selective breeding program, crosses were made to improve the coat. In addition, a systematic effort aimed at increasing the range of colours and patterns had begun, leading to over 200 varieties today.


Other Names Longhair
Grooming
Country Great Britain
Lifestyle Indoor

3. Feline Nutrition

Since the beginning of time, man has been an omnivore. The cat on the other hand, is a strict carnivore. Nearly 5,000 years of domestication of the feline race has not succeeded in transforming these strict carnivores into omnivores. Therefore, cat foods to avoid would include feed that closely resembles a human meal.


4.Grooming Your Cat

Although cats spend a lot of time in self-grooming, regular grooming is essential to their well being.

5. Active Cats, Happy Cats

Play with your cats regularly to coordinate their movements, exercise (which is particularly important for indoor cats) and to develop their muscles.

6. FAQs

SHOULD I PLAY WITH MY KITTEN?

YES! For cats, playing keeps their hunting instinct alert, and their toys become prey to be caught. A Ping-Pong ball held between her paws is transformed into a mouse, a Christmas tree bauble becomes a bird flying above her head. By encouraging your cat to play regularly, you are helping her to stay in good health, physically and psychologically.

My kitten sleeps a lot, especially during the day: is this normal?

Cats sleep a lot - in fact, they spend 13 to 16 hours a day asleep, i.e. around 2/3 of their life. In the wild, felines economise their energy whilst waiting for their next meal, which they are never sure to get. Domestic cats have kept the memory of this lifestyle. Often cats sleep mostly during the day, and can be perfectly awake when you come home from work at night. If your cat is agitated at night, spend some time playing with her in the evening in order to tire her.

My kitten lives indoors, how can I help her stay active?

Kittens eat, sleep, and run all over the place as soon as they wake up. They play with their tail, and jump on any moving object, right up until an adult age. So even if your kitten lives indoors, she will in theory have enough exercise to stay active. You can buy her toys, but remember: her favourite toy is you!

Make your home safe for risk-free activities

1 - Protect all electric sockets
2 - Put medicine, pesticides, and other dangerous liquids in a safe place
3 - Verify that you have no plants that could be dangerous for your cat (poison)
4 - Put away any small objects which your kitten could swallow (elastic bands, drawing pins, etc.)
5 - Do not leave any plastic bags on the floor
6 - Do not let your kitten go out onto balconies or terraces alone

Can I wake my kitten if she’s asleep?

You should avoid waking her when she is asleep: kittens’ sleep must be respected because that is mainly when their brain develops. Respect her natural rhythm and let her sleep during the day.

Why does my kitten rub against my legs or the furniture?

By rubbing against you or the furniture in your home, your kitten is depositing pheromones, which are molecules invisible to the naked eye, secreted by the animal and detected by other animals. They allow them to communicate, to mark their territory (by depositing pheromones, cats identify familiar objects), and reassure themselves.

How do I transport my kitten?

It’s not a good idea to let your kitten travel free in a car: this could be dangerous for her and for the passengers. Use a cat carrier with a blanket on the bottom so your kitten is comfortable. A dark case will reassure your kitten, making her feel protected.

Do cats have any favourite activities?

Cats love being high up. They love being at the same level as your face, because then they can rub against you as they do with other cats. If your home doesn’t have a lot of high (and stable) positions, try to create some by changing your environment a bit, or by buying a scratching tree.

  • PHYSIOLOGICAL DATA
    Rectal temperature: 38°C to 39°C.
    Breathing rate: 10-20 breaths per minute
    Pulse: Adult cat: 110-140/min; Kitten: 180-200/min
    Heat cycle: Generally 2 to 4 times a year, lasting on average 10 to 12 days
    Best time for mating: Period when the cat is in heat
    Length of gestation: 58 to 71 days
    Average age of puberty: Males – 7 to 12 mo.; Females – 6 to 8 mo.
       
  • CAT FOOD

    CAT FOOD FOR THE PERSIAN KITTEN
    Kittens up to 12 months old

      One of the few cat foods without grains that contains a special combination of nutrients, this formula protects the Persian kitten’s digestive health. This healthy cat food also supports natural defences and maintains skin and coat health.
    “Ruby 6”, a kibble specially designed to make it easier for the Persian kitten to grasp food and encourage her to chew. Browse the product here.

    CAT FOOD FOR THE ADULT PERSIAN
    Adult breed cats over 12 months old

      PERSIAN contains an exclusive complex of nutrients which helps support the skin’s “barrier” role, thus maintaining skin and coat health. This cat food with high fibre helps stimulate intestinal transit and naturally limit hairball formation.
    “Almond 11” an almond-shaped kibble specially designed to make it easier for the Persian cat to grasp food with the underside of the tongue. Browse the product here.


  • PERSIAN’S NUTRITIONAL NEEDS

    HAIRBALL REDUCTION

      Due to the length and density of their coat, Persian cats routinely swallow a large quantity of hair during grooming. Feeding cat food formulated with high fibre is important to help stimulate intestinal transit and naturally limit hairball formation.

    HEALTHY SKIN & LONG HAIR

      A long, dense and silky coat is the hallmark of the Persian. The Persian formula is one of the few cat food brands that contain nutrients to help support the skin’s role as a barrier and maintain coat health with Omega 3 fatty acids [EPA & DHA].

    DIGESTIVE HEALTH

      Taking into account the Persian’s digestive sensitivity, Royal Canin’s cat food for sensitive stomachs supports digestive health, with highly absorbable proteins, prebiotics and fibres to help maintain a balance in the intestinal flora.

    Browse cat food for Persian Kittens and Adult Persians.


  • DISADVANTAGES
    Long or narrow head.
    Brachycephalic (short flat) facial structure.
    Long nose, narrow muzzle, obvious underbite.
    Large, pointed ears that are too close together.
    Small, slanted eyes too pale in colour.
    Narrow, slender, long, high-standing body.
    Tail too long. Oval paws, long toes.
    To meet the specific needs of Persian cats, Royal Canin has tailor-made kibbles of a special size, shape and density that make it easy for Persians to pick up food with the underside of their tongue. Browse cat food for Persian Kittens and Adult Persians.
       
  • GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
    An indoor cat that prefers a calm atmosphere, the sedentary Persian is very attached to its owner.

    Social with other cats, dogs, and children, they are more distant toward strangers. For their well-being, they need a tranquil life. They can tolerate solitude. They rarely use their soft voice.

    Persians reach maturity at the age of two. They enter puberty late (at approximately 12 months). The breed is not very prolific, and birthing is difficult.

    The Persian’s long hair is prone to the rapid formation of knots and tufts, making regular grooming essential. Persians shed in spring and summer. Their eyes, which produce tears constantly, must be cleaned regularly.

     
     
  • PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
    Persian cat physical characterstics
     
     
  • FEEDING YOUR CAT

    At Royal Canin we understand that every cat is unique. So whether you love cats for their beauty, their elegance or agility, a cat is above all a companion.


    That's why lifestyle, sensitivities and age are all crucial considerations when it comes to choosing the right cat food in India. Look up cat food online to find Royal Canin’s nutritional solutions for all the stages of cat's life. Certain details need to be kept in mind while feeding your cat.

    Read more on our blog.


  • PRODUCT CATEGORIES
    FELINE BREED NUTRITIONTM
    Even though purebred cats are usually kept indoors, they may have breed-specific needs that go beyond the needs of other indoor cats. Royal Canin’s cat food and kitten food caters to each of these specific needs in a wholesome manner. Browse here.
     FELINE CARE NUTRITIONTM
    Feeding cat food with nutrients to support their most common sensitivities can contribute to their overall well-being. The FELINE NUTRITIONTM product line has a formula for specialised skin and coat, oral, digestive, and body condition care. Browse here.

    FELINE HEALTH NUTRITIONTM
    Feeding cat food suited to their age, size, lifestyle, specific sensitivities and breed means contributing to protecting their health. Specially balanced diets are able to guarantee the nutrients necessary for your cat’s well-being. Browse here.
      FELINE HEALTH NUTRITIONTM WET
    Designed around a cat’s nutritional needs and instinctive preferences, cat wet food canned formulas provide the best wet cat food, that include cat foods high in proteins, fats and carbohydrates to support long-term palatability. Browse here.
         
  • RIGHT FOOD
     CHOOSING THE RIGHT FOOD – PROCESSED OR HOMEMADE?

    Cat lovers are sometimes inclined to make a “little something” for their beloved pet, unknowingly preparing cat food for allergies. Not only is it hard to replicate the cat’s natural diet in the kitchen, it is not possible to churn up a meal that contains all the nutrients contained in twelve mice per day, not to mention the various birds and plants consumed. Processed foods is now the simplest solution and guarantees a healthy, balanced diet. But it took a long time to reach this point. Royal Canin has dedicated decades of intense research and innovation in manufacturing techniques required to produce today’s premium cat foods.


  • FOOD-INTAKE
     HOW MUCH DO CATS EAT?

    Originally, the cat is a “nibbler”. In fact, if dry cat food or canned cat food is left out for it, the cat will make between 10 to 16 snacks a day. Apart from feed that contains cat food gravy, the cat also drinks about 10 times a day. Meals last only 2 to 3 minutes. These small quantities spread throughout the day explain why the digestive transit is very rapid in the cat compared with that of humans (12 to 24 hours compared with 30 to 48 hours).


  • IMPORTANT FACTORS

    NUTRITION SOLUTION

      Every formula provides for the unique needs of your cat through every stage of life. So whether you have a kitten, adult or mature cat, we have a nutritional solution that fits your cat's needs perfectly.

     
    KITTEN
    BIRTH – 1 YEAR
    ADULT
    1-7 YEARS
    A kitten’s growth takes place in two distinct
    phases. Cat food for kittens includes nutritional
    formula unique to the feline’s growth phase.

    The adult cat’s nutritional needs vary based on their age, lifestyle, special needs, and specific breed.
    MATURE ADULT
    7+ YEARS
    SENIOR
    11+ YEARS
    A mature adult cat’s needs change along with their activity level as they begin to age.



    Cat food for older cats includes a palatable, nutrient dense formula.
  • HEALTHY FEED
     FROM “FEEDING” TO “HEALTH NUTRITION”

    In the past 30 years, the food prepared by Royal Canin for domestic pets have brought about a revolutionary change in the life conditions of cats, formerly fed on scraps and leftovers. From cat foods for kidney disease to foods for overweight cats, the Royal Canin formula have acquired nearly 5 years of additional life expectancy in the past 15 years alone. It is probable that the years to come will bring even higher figures.


  • GENERAL CARE

    COAT
    During moulting (spring and summer) increase brushing using a washcloth to reduce the risk of hairballs.

    CLAWS
    Cats are extremely territorial, and they instinctively use their claws to mark their territory. To avoid this, you can clip their claws using special clippers. Consult with your vet to understand which part of the claw you can cut safely, since the third phalanx is included in the claws.

    EYES, NOSE, AND EARS
    Clean your cat’s eyes with a compress dipped in eye lotion or in physiological serum. For ears, never use cotton buds or any liquid solutions or solutions containing alcohol. Always ask your vet for advice.

    TEETH
    Like humans, cats have a tendency to develop dental plaque on their teeth, causing serious gum and teeth problems. Limit these risks by feeding your cat kibble with the right texture and composition.



       
       
  • SPECIAL CARE
    From basic treatments to general do’s and don’ts, taking care of your feline begins with the right health care.

    DOES A KITTEN NEED SPECIAL HEALTH CARE?
    Yes. Your kitten needs 3 types of health care when she arrives in your home:

    Vaccinations between the age of 6 and 8 months:
    your vet will give you full information on this subject.

    De-worming:
    kittens often have worms, and de-worming is advisable every month until the age of 6 months, and every 6 months after that. If your cat can go outdoors, your vet will be able to advise you on suitable treatment and timing.

    Anti-flea treatment:
    remember to protect your kitten from fleas even if she always stays indoors. In order for the treatment to work, you need to treat your cat, and your home too. Ask your vet to advise you on suitable treatment and timing.
     
     
     
  • INJURIES

    CAN I TREAT MY KITTEN MYSELF IF SHE IS INJURED?

    If it is just a surface wound, treat the injury with a non-alcoholic disinfectant suited to your animal, and keep an eye on how it is healing. If your cat is bleeding, apply a compression dressing. If the wound does not heal, or becomes deeper, take your kitten to the vet.



     
  • GROWTH

    HOW DO I KNOW MY KITTEN IS GROWING AT THE PROPER RATE?

    Kittens’ growth takes place in 2 phases: the first stage is up until the age of 4 months, when growth is very quick, and the second is from 4 to 12 months. During the first phase, your kitten multiplies her birth weight between 5 to 7 times in 8 weeks. Weigh her regularly – kitchen scales are fine – since this will let you know if she is growing enough.

    For more on cat nutrition, click here.

     
  • BATH-TIME

    DO I HAVE TO WASH MY KITTEN?

    No. Cats groom themselves regularly, and there is no need to wash your kitten. In some cases however, a bath may be necessary: make it as quick as possible, dry her carefully, and use special cat products only.

    HOW DO YOU BATHE YOUR CAT?

    As much as we’d like to believe that myths are false, the one where ‘cats hate water’ does hold some truth. Which is why, getting your kitten used to water early in life is important. Proceed in stages during the first bath. Begin with a damp sponge, if your kitten really hates it, do not insist. Just keep trying gently the following days, until she gets used to it.

     
  • STERILISATION

    WHEN DO I NEED TO HAVE MY KITTEN STERILISED?

    That depends on her breed and her sex. Females are sexually active from the age of 5-6 months, and males from 8 months. Contrary to what is often said, it is not necessary to let females have a litter before sterilising them.

    There is a big advantage in sterilisation: the kitten will not go so far away from home, and there thus is less of a risk of fighting, accidents, or catching a disease from other cats.

    After neutering, energy requirements of cats decrease. Sterilised 37 is specially formulated to limit the risk of excess weight gain post the sterilization phase. Browse the products here: Sterilised 37 and Sterilised 7+

  • OBESITY

    MY KITTEN IS GETTING FAT…

    If your kitten is getting fat, it is certainly because her food is too rich, or there is too much of it. Ask your vet for advice on cat foods for weight loss.

    Just 1 kilo of extra weight on a cat would be equivalent to 16 kilos on a human. Managing your cat’s weight should be a key focus area. You can do this in a variety of fun and interesting ways. From making daily feeds a playful exercise to providing exercise opportunities for your cat, you can do a whole lot to keep your cat fit and healthy. Don’t forget to consult with your vet to calculate your pet’s ideal weight based on breed, size and age.

    Read more on our blog.

  • DONT’S

    DO NOT CUT HER WHISKERS

    Cats need their whiskers to explore their environment, and they are also used for communicating with other animals.

    DO NOT INSIST ON GIVING HER A BATH

    If your cat doesn’t like having a bath, do not insist. If she allows you to bathe her, be careful not to wet her head. In all cases, do not wash her too often: this causes her to lose the odours that she deposits on her body during grooming, and makes her anxious.

    DO NOT CLEAN YOUR CAT’S EARS TOO OFTEN

    This particularly fragile area must only be cleaned if absolutely necessary.


  • CAT LANGUAGE
    RUBBING AGAINST OBJECTS OR PEOPLE:
      by rubbing against things, cats deposit hormonal secretions that mark their territory, and you are part of it!
    KNEADING:
      kneading your knees reminds her of the time when she sucked her mother’s milk: it is a sign of happiness and trust.
    ROLLING ON HER BACK:
      is a sign of submission or relaxation.
    BUSHY TAIL:
      a sign of irritation or fear.
    PURRING:
      an expression of contentment, but can also mean fear (many cats purr in fright at the vet’s).
  • SAFETY
    Protect all electric sockets.
    Put medicine, pesticides, and other dangerous liquids in a safe place.
    Verify that you have no plants that could be dangerous for your cat (poison).
    Put away any small objects which your kitten could swallow (elastic bands, drawing pins, etc.)
    Do not leave any plastic bags on the floor.
    Do not let your kitten go out onto balconies or terraces alone.
       
  • KITTEN EXERCISES
    For the wellbeing of your cat, exercise is essential from an early age. Kittens enjoy exercises that allow them to climb, perch, jump, sharpen claws and play with toys (ball of paper, toy mouse, hard balls, bells, etc.).

    Cats are curious arrange a safe place near a closed window for her to watch the world go by. Put up climbing posts or attach platforms to the wall Build a fun sculpture by gluing toilet paper rolls together and hiding kibble inside Make 3 or 4 paw-sized holes in a shoe box with the lid taped shut, and put the kibble inside.